What is a Plant-Based Diet?

“Plant-based” is a broad term used to describe any diet that consists primarily, but not necessarily exclusively, of plant-based foods. There is also some flexibility to ingest a certain amount of animal products. This diet emphasizes vegetables, fruits, seeds, grains, legumes, and nuts. The foods that are grown or bred are intended to be the centerpiece of every meal, with the option of including meat, dairy, eggs, poultry, fish, shellfish, and animal ingredients as a side dish. Animal products are therefore not necessarily prohibited but should be restricted.

With a plant-based diet in general, there are no strict definitions or exclusions. Of course, there are specific, more restrictive forms of nutrition under the umbrella of plant nutrition, such as the vegan diet, which completely excludes all animal products. At the other end of the spectrum.

The Mediterranean diet can also be called the plant-based diet, as the emphasis is on plant-based foods, although fish and poultry are consumed. When following this type of diet, your goal is to simply focus on eating mostly plant-based foods. Plant-based nutrition is often one of the healthiest ways of eating because the nutritional quality and nutrient intake tend to be higher than with vegans, for example, because there are no absolute restrictions that can lead to deficiency symptoms. Again, the focus is on eating whole, natural, and plant-based foods and restricting processed foods.


The benefits of a plant-based diet mimic those of a vegan or vegetarian diet – many people experience significant weight loss on a plant-based diet because foods like vegetables, legumes, and fruits are fairly filling but not particularly high in calories. Therefore, the calorie density of food is low, so you can eat a large amount of food without consuming many calories.
Plant-based diets are also rich in micronutrients and antioxidants, which can reduce your risk of diseases such as cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure. The diet is also better for the environment and uses fewer natural resources.

Which foods can you eat on a plant-based diet?

Plant-based foods are the focus of your meal. Technically, you can still eat meat, poultry, eggs, fish, and dairy products (as long as you don’t follow a certain, stricter iteration of a plant-based diet like a vegetarian diet), although the frequency or amount of these foods pales in comparison to the plant-based foods, that you eat.

These are the most important foods that should be emphasized in a plant-based diet:

Vegetables: spinach, kale, carrots, Swiss chard, broccoli, zucchini, cucumber, onions, cauliflower, asparagus, sweet potatoes, beets, pumpkin, onions, etc., figs, etc.

Whole grain products: oats, whole grains, barley, brown rice, quinoa, teff, farro, etc.

Legumes: soybeans, beans, lentils, peas, peanuts, etc.

Nuts and seeds: almonds, pistachios, walnuts, cashews, pecans, chia seeds, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, hemp seeds, sunflower seeds, macadamia nuts, Brazil nuts, etc.

Healthy fats and oils: Olive oil, avocado, linseed oil, coconut oil Herbs, and spices: basil, thyme, pepper, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, ginger, salt, rosemary, cumin, chili powder, etc.

Healthy drinks: water, tea (herbal tea, green tea, black tea, etc. ), Red wine, coffee.

Meal Plans

Example of a plant-based nutrition plan Curious about what the diet would look like on a feeding day? Here is an example of a plant-based meal plan:

Breakfast: Oatmeal overnight with almond milk, chia seeds, flax seeds, hemp protein powder, blueberries, cinnamon, and unsweetened coconut flakes.

Lunch: hummus & whole-grain crackers, carrots, pepper strips, celery, and cucumber

Snack: Greek yogurt with low-sugar muesli

Dinner: grilled tofu over cauliflower rice, baked sweet potato, spinach salad

Snack: banana with almond butter

Plant-Based Cookbook

Plant-Based Diet Risks

Is beneficial for everyone, but experts warn that it’s important to make sure you’re getting enough nutrients that are most commonly found in animal products, such as protein, vitamin D, and vitamin B12.

With these discrepancies, people on a plant-based diet should incorporate fortified foods such as almond milk or speak to their doctor about the possibility of taking a multivitamin. Even people recovering from eating disorders should not follow a plant-based diet during their recovery.

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